IDAAM Publications

Volume 1

January-March 2023

Review on natural polymers and their applications

Shubham R Bhusari, Jameel Ahmed S Mulla

Active Ingredients (AI) and Excipients are the two main ingredients of any formulation or product. Excipients are the components utilised to manufacture any preparation alongside the active ingredients for product stability. Active Ingredients are known to be the major ingredients that are accountable for any desired result. Polymers are commonly employed as excipients in industry and serve an important part in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food preparations. Natural polymers, synthetic polymers, and semi-synthetic polymers are the three sub-types of polymers, with natural polymers proving to be more suitable in preparations or formulations than synthetic and semi-synthetic polymers due to their characteristics of sustainability, biodegradability, bio-safety, lack of side effects, and lack of drug release problems, among others. Natural polymers are employed as thickening agents, rate-controlling agents, taste-masking agents, protecting or stabilising agents, and many more applications in the pharmaceutical, food, non-food, and cosmetic sectors. Guar Gum, Acacia, and Tragacanth are examples of natural polymers. Pectin, Chitosan, Agar, Carrageenan, Ispaghula, and other ingredients include sodium alginate, pectin, chitosan, agar, carrageenan, and ispaghula.

Keywords: Natural Polymers, Xanthan Gum, Guar Gum, Acacia, Tragacanth, Sodium Alginate, Pectin, Chitosan, Agar, Carrageenan, Ispaghula, Pharmaceutical Applications.